AFGHANISTAN LAND ADMINISTRATION SYSTEM PROJECT (ALASP)
The Afghanistan Land Administration System Project (ALASP) is designed within a programmatic framework, considering the land administration challenges faced by the country.
These challenges create the need to build over time a clearer and comprehensive policy and legal enabling framework, institutional and technical capacity, professional knowledge and experience, technology and systems, as well as adequate cadaster and property registry information.
In addition, the transition from deed to title registration will continue as well as the development of national capacity for land survey and valuation. Subsequently, the Land Information System (LIS) would be made fully interoperable with other information systems in the country, leading eventually to the establishment of a National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI).
Project Development Objective (PDO):
The Project Development Objective is (a) to support the development of the Afghanistan land administration system, and (b) to provide the population in selected areas with improved land registry services, including issuance of Titles and Occupancy Certificates.
The project will cover the following selected areas:
- The cadastral surveying and land registration will focus on urban districts of Kabul and Herat. Kabul covers 22 districts with a total population of 4 million people, while Herat covers 12 districts with a total population of 1 million people.
- The issuance of OCs in informal urban settlements, building on the survey and validation work carried out by UN Habitat, will focus on 8 cities, including in addition to Kabul and Herat, the cities of Jalalabad, Kandahar, Mazhar e Sharif, Nili, Farah and Bamyan.
Component 1 – Land Policy and Institutional Strengthening: This Component’s objective is to help close gaps and further develop the policy, legal and institutional framework for land administration, while building the necessary technical, institutional and citizen engagement and communication capacities.
Component 2 – Developing Technological Capacity, Information and Systems for Land Administration: The objective of Component 2 is to provide the building blocks for a modern land administration system in Afghanistan, particularly with respect to technology, land tenure information and data management.
Component 3 – Project Management, Monitoring and Evaluation: The objective of this component is to ensure adequate capacity for project implementation and oversight, monitoring and evaluation, compliance with fiduciary requirements, social and environmental safeguards, as well as adequate project risk monitoring and inter-institutional coordination.
- Owners of formal urban properties and informal occupants of urban land, who will benefit from improved security of ownership and tenure rights.
- Municipalities through the cadastral information generated by the Project, which in the medium term could result in better municipal revenues to pay for services, revenue from increased transactions, and eventually decrease in public expenditures on land transactions and conflicts.
- MUDL and other agencies involved in implementation at national and sub-national level through capacity enhancement.
- Investment in the geodetic infrastructure and base mapping will benefit land surveying for establishing the cadaster, the users of geospatial information and technologies, the scientific community responsible for earth monitoring and other sectors responsible for disaster planning and response.